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黄釉开片双耳尊

来源:未知 2020-06-02 10:38:32

黄釉开片双耳尊

官窑之谓,在中国古代陶瓷史上有不同的内涵。就广义而言,是有别民窑而专为官办的瓷窑,其产品为宫廷所垄断。在宋代瓷器中,官窑即是一种专称。此件官窑贯耳瓶即仿自古代青铜投壶造型,直口阔腹,瓶侧筒状贯耳与足部两侧长方孔相对应,可以穿系绳带。此瓶釉色厚润,端庄典雅,是宋代瓷器中的珍品。

There are different connotations in the history of ancient Chinese ceramics. In a broad sense, it is a porcelain kiln specially run by the government for its different folk kilns, and its products are monopolized by the court. In Song Dynasty porcelain, official kiln is a special name. This Guan kiln through ear bottle is modeled after the ancient bronze throwing pot. It has a straight mouth and wide abdomen. The cylinder-shaped through ear on the side of the bottle corresponds to the rectangular holes on both sides of the foot and can be tied with a rope belt. The glaze of this vase is thick, elegant and dignified. It is a treasure in the porcelain of Song Dynasty.

汴京官窑,又称北宋官窑,是中国古代著名窑厂,由北宋政府于大观、政和年间在首都汴京开设,后毁于宋金战火,持续时间不足20年。汴京官窑开启了中国皇室用瓷制度的新篇章。与贡窑不同,所谓"官窑",是由皇家经办、只为宫廷服务、产品不得流入民间的窑厂。此后"官窑"一辞成为定名,历代官办窑厂和官造瓷器均沿用这一说法,称作"某某朝官窑"。迄今为止,仅仅在传世品中发现过汴京官窑出产的青瓷,造型古雅,釉色莹润,为世间所珍,列入宋代五大名窑。窑址据据推测位于今天河南省开封市,尚未发现具体遗址。

Bianjing official kiln, also known as the Northern Song Dynasty official kiln, is a famous kiln factory in ancient China. It was opened by the Northern Song government in the period of Daguan, Zhenghe in Bianjing, the capital, and later destroyed in the war of song and Jin Dynasty, lasting less than 20 years. Bianjing official kiln opened a new chapter in the porcelain system of the Chinese royal family. Different from the Gong kiln, the so-called "official kiln" is a kiln operated by the royal family, which only serves the court and whose products are not allowed to flow into the folk. Since then, the term "official kiln" has become a given name, which has been used in all the official kilns and official made porcelain in the past dynasties. It is called "official kiln of a certain Dynasty". Up to now, only celadon produced by Bianjing official kiln has

been found in the handed down products. It has an ancient and elegant shape, bright and lustrous glaze color, which is precious in the world and listed in the five famous kilns of Song Dynasty. The kiln site is presumed to be located in Kaifeng City, Henan Province today, but no specific site has been found.

北宋官窑黄釉开片双耳尊瓷釉面的开片,其开片纹极富美感,如水波粼粼,晶莹剔透,产生出令人惊叹的纹裂美。其为北宋官瓷之精品。这是北宋官窑中大美之大器。米黄釉,米色这一名称的来源诚如康蕊君先生为此件苏富比直颈瓶所作《莹润绝色赛黄玉》一文中所指出的,系上世纪五十年代日本鉴藏家米内山庸夫所创,“意指带壳稻米之金黄”,也即成熟的稻谷澄黄之色。这跟古文献中的“炒米色”是有区别的,炒米色是指白而微黄的釉色,主要指“传世哥窑器”中的一类釉色。事实上,从大量的窑址标本中可以看到,米黄釉龙泉的呈色也是浓淡不一的,或黄中带褐,或黄中闪青,或黄中泛灰,很难一以概之,所以笔者认为,不如以黄釉直截了当地称谓这类龙泉青瓷。米黄釉,米色这一名称的来源诚如康蕊君先生为此件苏富比直颈瓶所作《莹润绝色赛黄玉》一文中所指出的,系上世纪五十年代日本鉴藏家米内山庸夫所创,“意指带壳稻米之金黄”,也即成熟的稻谷澄黄之色。这跟古文献中的“炒米色”是有区别的,炒米色是指白而微黄的釉色,主要指“传世哥窑器”中的一类釉色。事实上,从大量的窑址标本中可以看到,米黄釉龙泉的呈色也是浓淡不一的,或黄中带褐,或黄中闪青,或黄中泛灰,很难一以概之,所以笔者认为,不如以黄釉直截了当地称谓这类龙泉青瓷。

In the Northern Song Dynasty, the opening pattern of the yellow glaze split double ear Zun porcelain glaze is very beautiful, such as the sparkling water, crystal clear, which produces an amazing beauty of crack. It is the best official porcelain of the Northern Song Dynasty. This is the great beauty of the official kilns in the Northern Song Dynasty. The name "Beige glaze" and "Beige" originated from the article "Yingrun jueyue" written by Mr. kangruijun for this Sotheby '. This is different from "fried Beige" in ancient literature. Fried Beige refers to white and yellowish glaze color, mainly refers to a kind of glaze color in "handed down Ge ware". In fact, from a

large number of kiln specimens, we can see that the color of the beige glaze Longquan is also different, or brown in the yellow, or bright blue in the yellow, or gray in the yellow, which is difficult to be generalized. Therefore, the author thinks that it is better to call this kind of Longquan celadon directly with the yellow glaze. The name "Beige glaze" and "Beige" originated from the article "Yingrun jueyue" written by Mr. kangruijun for this Sotheby '. This is different from "fried Beige" in ancient literature. Fried Beige refers to white and yellowish glaze color, mainly refers to a kind of glaze color in "handed down Ge ware". In fact, from a large number of kiln specimens, we can see that the color of the beige glaze Longquan is also different, or brown in the yellow, or bright blue in the yellow, or gray in the yellow, which is difficult to be generalized. Therefore, the author thinks that it is better to call this kind of Longquan celadon directly with the yellow glaze..

北宋晚期至南宋早期确实出现较多的黄釉产品,这一方面可能与当时扩大生产有关,另一方面则是烧制技术的局限,窑工对于烧成气氛的掌控技术没有完全成熟。与南宋官窑不同的是,龙泉窑传世器中一直不乏黄釉产品,且有一类高质量的黄釉产品,釉面莹润,色如蜜蜡,开片似冰裂。

From the late Northern Song Dynasty to the early Southern Song Dynasty, there were many yellow glaze products. On the one hand, it may be related to the expansion of production at that time, on the other hand, the limitation of firing technology. The kiln workers did not fully mature the control technology of firing atmosphere. Different from the official kilns of the Southern Song Dynasty, there are a lot of yellow glaze products in the handed down wares of Longquan kiln, and there are a kind of high-quality yellow glaze products, the glaze surface is bright and lustrous, the color is like honey wax, the slice is like ice crack.

此黄釉开片双耳尊为程先生的藏品,此瓶莹净无瑕则需胎釉结合紧密,在烧制过程中胎釉膨胀系数一致,换而言之,开片容易不开片难,冰裂与光洁无纹的釉面孰高孰下不言而喻。本品造型尊贵典雅,曲线优美怡人,釉水凝厚莹亮,釉面圈足修削随意,无聚釉垂流之患,极具收藏价值。

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